of important events
in the Iraq/Kuwait Crisis
1899. British sign treaty with al Sabah family putting Kuwait under British protection.
1921. Britain installs Amir Faisal as King of Iraq.
1932. Saudi Arabia proclaimed by Abd al Aziz. Iraq declares independence.
1958. Iraqi monarchy overthrown in coup by General Abdul Karim Qassim.
1960. OPEC, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries is founded.
1961. Kuwait established as independent nation.
1963. Coup overthrows Qassim. Gen. Abdul Salam Aref installed in power.
1966. Abdul Rahman Aref succeeds his brother as leader of Iraq.
1968. Baath party coup. Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr installed, Saddam Hussein chief deputy.
1977. Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmand Al-Jaber Al Sabah, become Amir of Kuwait.
1979. Saddam Hussein succeed Bakr as president of Iraq.
1980, September 22. Iraq invades Iran starting eight year war.
1981, June 7. Israel launches air attack against Iraqi nuclear facilites.
1982, June14. King Fahd assumes power in Saudi Arabia following the death of King Khalid.
1984, April. Attacks begin on tankers in the Persian Gulf.
1987, May 17. Iraq attacks U.S.S. Stark, killing 37 U.S. sailors.
1988. Hussein orders use of chemical weapons on Kurds.
1988, August. Iran-Iraq war ends.
1990, July 17. Hussein accuses Kuwait of oil overproduction and theft of oil from Rumaila oil field.
1990, July 25. U.S. Ambassador to Iraq, April C. Glaspie, tells Hussein that the Iraqi/Kuwaiti dispute is an Arab matter, not one that affects the U.S.
1990, August 2. Hussein invades Kuwait. Bush freezes Iraqi and Kuwaiti assets. U.N. calls on Hussein to withdraw immediately.
1990. August 6. Economic sanctions authorized by the United Nations against Iraq and Kuwait.
1990, August 7. Secretary of Defense Cheney visits Saudi Arabia; U.S. military assistance requested. 82 Airborne dispatched, along with several fighter squadrons.
1990, August 8. Iraq annexes Kuwait.
1990, August 9. U.N. declares Iraq's annexation of Kuwait invalid.
1990, August 12. U.S. announces interdiction program of Iraqi shipping.
1990, August 22. President Bush signs authorization for callup of the Reserves.
1990, August 25. Military interdiction of Iraqi shipping authorized by the United Nations.
1990, September 14. Iraqi forces storm a number of diplomatic missions in Kuwait City.
1990, September 17. Air Force General Dugan relieved of duties for comments made to the media.
1990, November 8. Bush orders additional deployments to give "offensive option" to U.S. forces.
1990, November 22. President Bush and the First Lady visit U.S. Troops for Thanksgiving Dinner. Speaker of the House, Senate Majority and Minority Leader, and Minority Leader of the House also attended.
1990, November 20. 45 Liberal Democrats file suit in Washington to have President Bush first seek Congressional approval of military operations. Suit eventually thrown out.
1990, November 29. U.N. Security Council authorizes force after January 15 if Iraq does not withdraw from Kuwait.
1990, November 30. Bush invites Tariq Aziz to Washington, offers to send James Baker to Baghdad.
1991, January 9. Baker and Aziz meet in Geneva. The meeting lasts six hours, but yields no results.
1991, January 12. Congress votes to allow for U.S. troops to be used in offensive operations.
1991, January 15. Deadline established by U.N. resolution 678 for Iraqi withdrawal.
1991, January 16. Operation Desert Shield becomes Operation Desert Storm as U.S. warplanes attack Baghdad, Kuwait and other military targets in Iraq.
1991, January 17. Iraq launches SCUD missile attack on Israel.
1991, January 30. U.S. forces in the Gulf region top 50000
1991, February 6. Jordan King Hussein lashes out against American bombardments and supports Iraq.
1991, February 13. U.S. bombers destroy a bunker complex in Baghdad with several hundred citizens inside. Nearly 300die from this attack.
1991, February 17. Tariq Aziz travels to Moscow to discuss possible negotiated end to the war.
1991, February 22. President Bush issue ultimatum of February 23 for Iraqi to withdraw from Kuwait.
1991, February 23. Ground War begins with Marines, Army and Arab forces moving into Iraq and Kuwait.
1991, February 25. Iraqi SCUD missile hits a U.S. barracks in Saudi Arabia killing 27 Americans.
1991, February 26. Kuwaiti resistance leaders declare they are in control of Kuwait City.
1991, February 27. President Bush orders a cease-fire effective at midnight in the KTO.
1991, March 3. Iraqi military leaders formally accept cease-fire terms.
1991, March 4. Ten Allied POWs freed including 6 Americans.
1991, March 5. Thirty-five POWs released with 15 Americans.
1991, March 8. First U.S. combat forces return home.
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